市面上流传的GRE阅读机经真题有三百多篇,同时又存在多种版本的答案和解析,有些疑难题目让考生不知道听谁的,还有些版本的解析像是用谷歌翻译把同题目和选项翻译了一下。TD GRE教研组认为,GRE阅读的解析,可以讲得再清楚一点。

GRE不光有技巧,不光有快速解题法,GRE更加考察大家的逻辑硬实力,文字理解实打实的深度。良好的GRE备考应当在课堂上向老师学习快速解题法,取同取反逻辑的同时,课下扎扎实实的读懂每一句话。读懂,是一切技巧使用的前提。皮之不存,毛将焉附?

有感于此,我们尝试用比较长的时间,原创一个解析,力求做到超详细,大白话,包你懂。之前为大家推送了Passage 1 – Passage 78的解析,今天继续为大家推出GRE阅读Passage 79(长阅读)解析,这篇阅读一共有3段,共4道题,TD版超详细「包你懂」系列对此篇文章进行了清楚地解析。

GRE阅读真题第79段

Elizabeth Bishop’s Complete Poems (1927-1979) has come to seem to most of its readers so achieved and sufficient as a life’s work that it is hard not to lose sight of how slowly Bishop wrote poems and of how few poems, finally, she completed. But Bishop herself never ceased to find her productivity inadequate. The size and pace of her output were always in her eyes a failing (vaguely moral in complexion) for which she apologized throughout her career, although, as I will argue in this essay, Bishop’s inability to write more poems than she did was also a refusal to do so. The small, manageable size of Bishop’s body of work has facilitated its extraordinary critical reception since her death. (Robert Lowell, whose oeuvre is so much larger, has never had a complete edition of his poetry published.) Yet the size of her work is also a sign of Bishop’s alienation, that is, her uneasy, resistant relation to the literary culture that today claims her as the major poet of her generation.

GRE文章解析

第一句:

Elizabeth Bishop’s Complete Poems (1927-1979) has come to seem to most of its readers so achieved and sufficient as a life’s work that it is hard not to lose sight of how slowly Bishop wrote poems and of how few poems, finally, she completed.

白话版讲解:

Elizabeth Bishop 的诗集 Complete Poems 作为其代表作,对读者来说,它的成就如此之高,以至于人们都没有注意到 Bishop 写诗的速度非常慢,最终写完的诗歌作品也很少。

第二句:

But Bishop herself never ceased to find her productivity inadequate.

白话版讲解:

但是 Bishop 自己一直都认为自己的产出效率是不够的。

第三句:

The size and pace of her output were always in her eyes a failing (vaguely moral in complexion) for which she apologized throughout her career, although, as I will argue in this essay, Bishop’s inability to write more poems than she did was also a refusal to do so.

白话版讲解:

在她自己看来,自己完成作品的数量以及产出速度一直都是她不足的一点(这更多的是一个道德感的问题),并且她也一直因为这一点而感到抱歉,尽管我认为,Bishop 没有能够写出更多的诗歌其实也是因为她不愿意这么做。

第四句&第五句:

The small, manageable size of Bishop’s body of work has facilitated its extraordinary critical reception since her death. (Robert Lowell, whose oeuvre is so much larger, has never had a complete edition of his poetry published.)

白话版讲解:

Bishop 的作品数量不多,这让她在其离世之后获得了很高的评价。(Robert Lowell 的作品数量就要多得多,但他的诗歌并不是每一首都有得到发表)。

第六句:

Yet the size of her work is also a sign of Bishop’s alienation, that is, her uneasy, resistant relation to the literary culture that today claims her as the major poet of her generation.

白话版讲解:

但是,她的作品不多也表明她远离,或者说是不愿意接近文坛,而文学界现在认为她是她那个年代的重要诗人。

GRE题目解析

Consider each of the choices separately and select all that apply.

1. The passage indicates that the small size of Bishop’s body of work contributed to bringing about which of the following?

A. bishop’s alienation from the literary culture of her generation

B. the favorable scholarly attention that Bishop’s work has received since her death

C. an interest among readers regarding why Bishop wrote so slowly

第一道题问的是,文章认为,Bishop 的诗歌产出不多,这为她带来了什么?

A. Bishop 远离她那个时代的文学界、文坛。

B. 在她去世之后,学者们对她的作品有很高的关注。

C. 很多读者对于 Bishop 为什么写作的进度这么慢产生了兴趣

这道题应该选 A 和 B。

A 选项的内容对应原文最后一句话(Yet the size of her work is also a sign of Bishop’s alienation, that is, her uneasy, resistant relation to the literary culture ……)。B 选项的内容对应原文的第四句话(The small, manageable size of Bishop’s body of work has facilitated its extraordinary critical reception since her death.)。C 选项的内容在原文没有提及。

2. In the context in which it appears, “complexion” most nearly means

A. appearance

B. constitution

C. hue

D. intricacy

E. personality

第二道题问的是,这个词在原文的意思是什么?

这道题应该选 C 。

原文中 complexion 的意思是事物总的特性或方面(overall aspect or character),而选项中,只有 C 选项可以表达类似的含义,hue 的意思是 overall character or appearance to the mind。

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