学校考试,还是在课外阅读的时候,我们总是感觉自己已经对知识倒背如流,可到期末复习的时候却感觉自己在预习课本,或者写文章时发现自己对当初的书籍只是一知半解。即便想要再去寻找忘记的知识点,却无奈只能大海捞针。那么,如何避免这种情况的发生呢?其实,一份清晰的笔记就够了。今天小编特地从官网上扒到了好用到犯规的笔记方法——康奈尔笔记法。英语大神们请自行阅读英文(献上膝盖)。

康奈尔笔记法几乎适用于一切讲授或阅读课,特别是对于听课笔记。是一种记与学,思考与运用相结合的有效方法。

具体方法

页面结构

笔记

在上课时用笔记栏记录

During the lecture, use the note-taking column to record thelecture using telegraphic sentences.

提示

在下课后尽量短的时间内,根据笔记栏的内容在提示栏(上图对应的部分)总结出一个对应每个知识点的问题。写问题的过程帮助我们理清知识点、发现它们之间的联系,也加强了知识的连续性和记忆效果。同时,在考试复习的时候,这些写下来的问题也能帮助我们快速回忆。

As soon after class as possible, formulate questions based on the notes in the right-hand column. Writing questions helps to clarify meanings, reveal relationships, establish continuity, and strengthen memory. Also, the writing of questions sets up a perfect stage for exam-studying later.

背诵

用纸盖住笔记栏,用自己的语言解释提示栏给出的问题或者问题中的关键词。包括回答/相关事实/定义等。

Cover the note-taking column with a sheet of paper. Then, looking at the questions or cue-words in the question and cue column only, say aloud, in your own words, the answers to the questions, facts, or ideas indicated by the cue-words.

反思

通过自问自答的方式反思这些问题。比如:“这个知识点有什么意义?它的原理是什么?我能怎么应用它?我该怎么把它和我之前学过的结合?它有什么更深远的意义?”

Reflect on the material by asking yourself questions, for example:“What’s the significance of these facts? What principle are they based on? How can I apply them? How do they fit in with what I already know? What’s beyond them?”

总结

课后及时在底部总结栏进行该页知识点的总结。

After class, use this space at the bottom of each page to summarize the notes on that page.

复习

每周花十分钟以上的时间复!习!全!部!笔!记!如此一来你就能在生活和考试中对知识运用自如啦~

Spend at least ten minutes every week reviewing all your previous notes. If you do, you’ll retain a great deal for current use, as well as, for the exam.

有关于康奈尔笔记,就这么多啦。可见知识的积累是一个持之以恒的过程,考试前抱佛脚可是行不通的哦~在此祝大家期末顺利,也希望大家以后都能花最少的时间,学最多的东西~

Reference:

http://lsc.cornell.edu/notes.html