Speak, talk, say和tell都能够用来表示“说”、“讲”这一动作,那么,这四个词汇之间的区别是什么呢?各自的常用搭配又有哪些呢?快来和小厚一起看一看吧!

Differences between  speak/talk/say/tell

Say

I say – He/She/It says – We/They say

I will say – I am saying – I said – I have said

我们使用say来进行直接引用或间接引用。直接引用是指通过引号(“”)来直接准确地表达某人所说的话。间接引用指的是转述某人所说的话的大概意思。

直接引用:

He said “Hello.”
She said “It is a nice day.”
I said “Don’t do that.”

间接引用:

I said it was good.
They said they wouldn’t do it again.
She said she would go to town.

Say的后面不可以直接使用宾语,需要再宾语前加to:
I said him hello.
I said hello to him.

Tell

I tell – She/He/It tells – They/We tellI will tell
I am telling – I told – I have told

1. Tell后面直接使用宾语:

Can you tell me?
You should never tell a lie.
The boy told us he didn’t want any money.

2. Tell somebody to do something,用来发出指令:

I told you to clean your room.
He told her not to go.
Did you tell him to do his homework?

Speak

I speak –She/He/It speaks –They/We speak
I will speak –I am speaking –I spoke –I have spoken

Speak用来表示一般的谈话(不含谈话细节),通常用于比较正式的表达,speak后面可以加宾语也可以不加宾语:

I want to speak.
Can I speak to you?
Who are you speaking to?

Speak也用来表达语言能力:

I speak English well.
Do you speak Japanese?
She speaks Italian.
I can speak four languages.

Talk

I talk –She/He/It talks –They/We talk
I will talk –I am talking –I talked –I have talked

Talk和speak没有太明显的区别,只不过和speak相比,talk不那么正式。

I’d like to talk with you.
Shall we talk to them?
Who is she talking to?

注:另外一个表达“说”的词汇“chat”和“talk”的用法最为接近,chat相较于talk更为随意,可以与talk互相替换

Can we chat for a bit?
I chatted to her yesterday.
Did you chat to him?

All in all,四者的主要区别为:

常用搭配

四个“说”各司其职,小朋友们在使用时要注意区分哦~

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