KET/PET备考基础语法逐个突破第21弹来啦!今天KET与PET研习社将带大家一起来了解一般将来时的两种结构(will/going to)在使用时有何区别~

在开始前我们先来复习一下一般将来时的表达结构!

Will

Going to

Future Actions

在表明未来的行动时,当宣布当下做出的新的决定时,我们通常使用will。当宣布我们之前已经做好了某项对未来的决定时,我们通常使用(be)going to

没有理解也没关系!我们看图说话~


例:Let’s have a party! I will invite lots of people!
(我现在决定要举办一个派对,我将会邀请很多人来这个派对)

例:I have decided to have a party and I’m going to invite lots of people!
(我已经决定好要举办一个派对了,我之后会邀请很多人来这个派对)

比较下列句子进一步体会下两者的区别吧~

‘Gary has been trying to contact you.’ ‘Has he? OK, I’ll call him.’
‘Gary has been trying to contact you.’ ‘Yes, I know. I’m going to call him.’

‘Anna is in hospital.’ ‘Really? I didn’t know.I’ll go and visit her.’
‘Anna is in hospital.’ ‘Yes, I know. I’m going to visit her this evening.’

Future happenings and situations

当我们在谈论未来发生的事情或未来的状况时,我们既可以使用will,也可以使用(be)going to:

I think the weather will be nice later.
I think the weather is going to be nice later.

Those shoes are well-made. They’ll last a long time.
Those shoes are well-made. They’re going to last a long time.

当我们基于当下的情况来推断、预测未来会发生的事情或未来的状况时,我们需要使用(be)going to来进行表达:

Look at those black clouds. It’s going to rain. (not it will rain)
(基于现在所看到的乌云推断未来将会下雨)

小试牛刀

用will (‘ll) 或 (be) going to完成下列句子:

1. a: Why are you turning on the TV?
b:            the news. (I / watch)

2. a: I forgot my wallet. I don’t have any money.
b: Not to worry.             you some. (I / lend)

3. a: Why are you filling that bucket with water?
b:             the car. (I / wash)

4. a: I don’t know how to use the washing machine.
b: It’s easy.             you. (I / show)

5. a: I’ve decided to paint this room.
b: That’s nice. What colour             it? (you / paint)

6. a: Where are you going? Are you going shopping?
b: Yes,             some things for dinner tonight. (I / buy)

Answers

1. I’m going to watch
2. I’ll lend
3. I’m going to wash
4. I’ll show
5. are you going to paint
6. I’m going to buy

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